KEY DEFINITIONS

An asylum seeker is someone who has applied for or is in the process of seeking asylum from the government of the country of asylum, but who has not yet been granted refugee status.

A refugee is a person "who owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country.

Bisexual refers to an individual who has the capacity for profound emotional, affectional, and/or sexual attraction to and/or intimate and sexual relations with people regardless of their gender or sex.

Gender Identity is each person’s deeply felt internal and individual experience of gender, which may or may not correspond with the sex assigned at birth.

Gay refers to a self-identifying man who has the capacity for profound emotional, affectional and/or sexual attraction to and/or intimate sexual relations primarily with other men.

Homophobia refers to a hatred or fear of homosexuals – that is, lesbians and gay men sometimes leading to acts of violence and expressions of hostility.

Intersex refers to a person who is born with reproductive or sexual anatomy and/or chromosome patterns that do not fit typical definitions of male or female.

Lesbian refers to a self-identifying woman who has the capacity for profound emotional, affectional, and/or sexual attraction to and/or intimate and sexual relations primarily with other women.

LGBTI is the acronym for “lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and/or intersex.” Sexual

Orientation refers to a person’s capacity for profound emotional, affectional, and/or sexual attraction to and/or intimate and sexual relations with individuals of a different gender, the same gender, or more than one gender.

Sexually and Gender Non-conforming (SGN) is an umbrella term used to refer to individuals whose sexual practices, attractions, and/or gender expression are different from the societal expectations based on their assigned sex at birth.

Transgender is “[a]n umbrella term for people whose gender identity, expression, or behavior is different from those typically associated with their assigned sex at birth.”

A transgender woman is a person who was assigned male at birth but identifies as a woman.

A transgender man is a person who was assigned female at birth but identifies as a man.

Transphobia refers to negative attitudes and feelings toward transgender people. Transgender people feel that their gender identity (self-identification) does not correspond to one’s assigned sex (identification by others as male or female based on genetic sex). People feel that their gender identity (self-identification) does not correspond to one’s assigned sex (identification) by others as male or female based.

TRANS SEXUAL
A transsexual person is someone who experience conflict between biological sex and gender identity. A transsexual person may undergo sex reassignment surgery so that his/her physical sex correspondents to his/her gender identity.

TRANSVESTITE
In the US context, transvestite is an out of date description most often referring to men who wear cloths conventionally associated with another gender.

WSW
This is an acronym used for women who have sex with women. Generic reference to same – sex sexual conducts between women, which may or may not imply lesbian identity or emotional attraction.

MSM
This is an acronym used for men who have sex with men, generic reference to same – sex sexual conducts between men, which may or may not imply gay identity or emotional attraction.

CROSS- DRESSING
This is a person who occasionally chooses to wear clothing conventionally associated with another gender. They may or may not adopt a different gender identity when crossing – dressing.

GENDER
Gender is refers to social construction of femininity or masculanitiy that varies in time and places and is constructed through learned, rather than innate, behavior. Gender and sex do not have the same meaning.

GENDER EXPRESSION
Gender expression refers to the expression through clothing and behavior, or the inner sense of identification and self – awareness, that manifests person’s fundamental senses of themselves as masculine or feminine, and male or female. This can include dress, posture, hairstyle, jewelry, vocal inflection, speech patterns, and social interactions.

HETEROSEXUAL
This is a person who is sexually and emotionally attracted primarily to people of the opposite sex.

HOMOSEXUAL
This is a person who is sexually and emotionally attracted primarily to people of the same sex.

QUEER
As used in the US. Context of identity politics is an umbrella terms for a range of sexual orientations and gender identities that include lesbian, gay, and bisexual and transgender. The term can have a more political connotation than gay, lesbian, bisexual or transgender.

SEX
A person’s sex refers to biological or anatomical identity as male or female. Although often used interchangeable, gender and sex do not have the same meaning.

Autoeroticism: This is sexual pleasure derived by an individual without the participation of another person. Any other person is considered an intrusion and is not welcomed

Masculinity: refers to the state of being a man. It is also used to describe those traditional qualities that are conventionally supposed to belong to a man such as physical strength and courage.

Femininity: refers to the quality of looking and behaving in ways conventionally thought to be appropriate for a woman or girl.

Pansexuality, or omnisexuality refers to the sexual, romantic or emotional attraction towards people regardless of their sex or gender identity. Pansexual people may refer to themselves as gender-blind, asserting that gender and sex are not determining factors in their romantic or sexual attraction to others.