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The 1951 Refugee Convention / Geneva Convention

The 1951 Refugee Convention / Geneva Convention:  is the key legal document that forms the basis of our work. Ratified​ by 145 State parties, it defines the term ‘refugee’ and outlines the rights of the displaced, as well as the legal obligations of States to protect them.The core principle is non-refoulement, which asserts that a refugee […]

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EU Member States

The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union, consisting of 28 member states that are subject to the obligations and the privileges of the membership. Every member state is part of the founding treaties of the union and is subjected to binding laws within the common legislative and judicial institutions. In order for […]

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Undocumented Immigrant/Migrant

Undocumented Immigrant/Migrant is a person without a valid residence permit in the country in which she/he is, or who is staying there without authorization, either because the person entered the country without authorization or because the person entered legally and became irregular subsequently.

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Regularization

Regularization is a procedure for applying for a residence permit of more than 3 months. Regularization falls within the remit of the Immigration Department

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Family Reunification

Family Reunification is a procedure that enables a foreign nation, for example a recognized refugee or a beneficiary of subsidiary protection to bring certain members of her/his family to Spain under certain conditions. Under Spanish law right to asylum or subsidiary protection covers the spouse or partner of any beneficiary of international protection, children under […]

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Refugee

A refugee is an asylum seeker who has been granted refugee status and thus granted protection by a state. The refugee meets the conditions stipulated in the Geneva Convention, i.e. a well founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion.

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Asylum seeker

An asylum seeker is someone who left their country of origin and is requesting protection by filing an application for international protection. No final decision has yet been taken by the potential host country, i.e. it has not been established yet whether the asylum seeker meets the condition required for obtaining refugee status or subsidiary […]

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