What are the procedural steps for claiming asylum?

The first step is to book an appointment for a personal interview at Barcelona’s Asylum and Refuge Office (OAR). During your interview you will basically be asked about your identity, how you managed to get to Spain and the reasons for your persecution. Staff there have to know what you have been through if they are to help you. You can produce supporting documents during your interview or throughout the entire process.

The OAR will decide within a period of one month whether or not to process your claim. If you have made your claim at a border checkpoint, the authorities have four days to make their decision.

Note that, under the Dublin Convention, it is the first European Union member state which an asylum seeker gets to that is responsible for processing their asylum application. So, if you are registered in Spain, you will not be able to claim asylum in another country.

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